The ancient ruins are the relics and burials of prehistoric people, a precious heritage in the history of human development located in Cuc Phuong National Park in Nho Quan district, Ninh Binh province.
Located in the area of three provinces of Ninh Binh, Hoa Binh, Thanh Hoa with a total area of 22,408 hectares, Cuc Phuong National Park is the first national park and the first nature reserve in Vietnam. It is a primitive forest with two rocky mountains running in the direction of Northwest - South - East, forming barriers with many beautiful caves such as Trang Khuyen, Moong Cave, Thanh Minh Cave, Nguoi Xua Cave,...
Visit the ancient people, visitors from the mouth of Cuc Phuong forest about 4km, walk on the bridge longer than 100m to the foot of the limestone mountains and climb up with a height of about 50m, over 200 stone steps. There are 3 compartments, wide and open. There are many stalactites in the cave, when tapping sounds like gong, gong of the Muong.
In 1966, with the help of German experts, Institute of Archeology of Vietnam coordinated with Cuc Phuong National Park to excavate this cave. The excavation shows that there is a rich and diversified cultural layer, including snails, mountain snails, animal bones such as gibbons, monkeys, bears, wild pigs, deer, and others. Working tools such as stone axes, knife cut stone and ash thick nearly 2m. It is possible to see that the origins of primitive people here are mainly hunting and gathering. They have been known to make living tools and rudimentary stone tools to survive. In addition, the investigation team also discovered the terracotta objects such as containers, torches are molded by hand and made with turntables decorated with rope pattern, textual accents dim moon.
Especially here the cave is not only a place to live but also the burial of primitive people. Archaeologists unearthed three tombs buried in the position of lying, squatting with the skeleton of the fossil remains quite intact. By means of radioactive C14 analysis, archaeologists have identified the skeleton we have today, about 7,500 years ago. The original burial was buried around the stone embankment, the bottom was strewn with stones and the graves were sprinkled with papyrus and most of these were buried near the fire. Perhaps the ancients had an idea of the afterlife, they had buried some living stuff and mantle shell jewelry. This is the first gravestone structure discovered in the relics of Hoa Binh culture and also the original concept of original religious beliefs.
Nguoi Xua is a dry cave characterized by limestone mountains, the air here is very cool, airy, because there is a cave at the top of the mountain in the cave in the air so it is very pleasant. . Perhaps this is also why prehistoric people living thousands of years ago chose this cave as their home.
Ancient people also have a narrow, dark and humid, no remnants of the ancient, but especially here are many bats, so this cave also has another name is Bitter cave. Through surveys, scientists have identified this cave has the largest number of bats living in the world with 19 species. The inside of the cave is also dark and damp, there are many beautiful stalactites are the local people imagine the mother image baby, bridal chamber, animal pictures ... In this chamber there are stalactites are like a set of stone.
Coming to Cuc Phuong National Park, visitors not only have the opportunity to visit the resort, to discover the rich life of plants and animals, but also to study and learn interesting things. , mysterious, human archaeological vestiges in the Ancients. This is one of the historical relics to demonstrate the development of human beings, the mark of primordial life of human history, a priceless heritage in the primeval forest of Cuc Phuong should be protected. protect.
Source: Pham Giang - XTDL